The Introduction of Clothing Accessories and the Problems That Should Be Paid Attention to When Choosing Accessories

At present, clothing accessories can be roughly divided into seven categories:

1. Lining;
2. Lining;
3. Filling;
4. String materials;
5. Fastening materials;
6. Decorative materials;
7. Others.

One, clothing lining

Lining is a material used in clothing clips, mainly cotton fabric, recycled fiber fabric, synthetic fiber fabric, polyester-cotton blended fabric, polyester taffeta, acetate fiber and viscose fiber blended fabric, silk fabric and rayon fabric . The main test indicators of the lining are shrinkage and color fastness. For clothing products containing fleece filling materials, the lining should be made of fine or coated fabrics to prevent lint removal. At present, lining silk with chemical fiber as the main material is used more frequently.

When choosing clothing linings, you should pay attention to:

1. The performance of the lining should be compatible with the performance of the fabric. The performance here refers to shrinkage, heat resistance, washing resistance, strength, thickness, weight, etc. Different linings have different performance characteristics.

2. The color of the lining should be coordinated with the fabric. Under normal circumstances, the color of the lining should not be darker than the fabric.

3. The lining should be smooth, durable, anti-pilling, and have good color fastness.

Two, Clothing lining

Lining materials include two kinds of lining cloth and liner.

Interlinings are mainly used for clothing collars, cuffs, pockets, skirt waists, skirts and suit chests. They generally contain hot melt adhesive coatings, usually called adhesive interlinings. According to different base fabrics, fusible interlining is divided into woven interlining and non-woven interlining. The woven backing fabric is a woven or knitted fabric, and the non-woven backing fabric is pressed from chemical fibers. The quality of fusible interlining is directly related to the quality of garments. Therefore, when choosing a fusible interlining, not only the appearance is required, but also whether the parameter performance of the interlining is consistent with the quality requirements of the garment. Such as: the heat shrinkage rate of the interlining should be as consistent as the fabric heat shrinkage rate; it must have good seamability and cutability; it must be able to bond with the fabric firmly at a lower temperature; it must avoid the front surface of the fabric after high temperature pressing. Glue; strong and long-lasting adhesion, anti-aging and anti-washing.

Pads include shoulder pads and chest pads for upper garments, and hip pads for lower garments. They are thick and soft in texture and generally do not apply glue.

Attention should be paid when choosing clothing lining:

1. The lining should match the performance of the garment fabric. Including the color, unit weight, thickness, drape, etc. of the lining material. For heavy fabrics such as flannel, thick linings should be used, while thin fabrics such as silk fabrics should be lined with soft silks, and knitted fabrics should be knitted (warp-knitted) linings; light-colored fabrics should not be dark in color; polyester Cotton lining should not be used for the fabric.

2. The lining should match the functions of different parts of the garment. Stiff linings are mostly used for collars and waists, while thicker linings are used for chest linings for outerwear; linings that feel flat are generally used for the waist of culottes and the cuffs of clothing; stiff and elastic linings It should be used for neat and crisp styling.

3. The lining material should match the service life of the garment. For clothing that needs to be washed, washable linings should be selected, and the lining stability of the washing and ironing dimensions should be considered; cushioning materials, such as shoulder pads, should be shaped to retain shape to ensure that they will not deform within a certain period of use.

4. The lining material should match the garment production equipment. Professional and supporting processing equipment can give full play to the characteristics of auxiliary modeling of cushion materials. Therefore, when choosing materials, combining the working parameters of the bonding and processing equipment and selecting them in a targeted manner can achieve a multiplier effect with half the effort.

Three, clothing filler

Garment filler is a material that is placed between the fabric and the lining to keep warm. According to the form of the filler, it can be divided into two types: flocculation and material.

1. Flocs: No fixed shape, loose filling material, lining must be added (some linings are also added) when the garment is finished, and it must be machined or hand quilted. The main varieties are cotton, silk floss, camel hair and down, which are used for warmth and heat insulation.

2. Material: It is made of synthetic fiber or other synthetic materials to make a flat heat-retaining filler. The varieties include chlorinated fiber, polyester fiber, acrylic fiber shaped cotton, hollow cotton and smooth plastic. Its advantages are uniform thickness, easy processing, crisp shape, mildew resistance, no insects, and easy washing.

This article briefly introduces the warmth film:

① Hot-melt flake: It is a flake processed by hot-melt bonding technology. It is not allowed to have holes, and the compression elasticity must reach 85.0%.

② Glue-sprayed cotton batt: It is made of polyester staple fiber as the main raw material, which is carded into a net, and the fiber net is sprayed with a liquid adhesive and then heated.

③ Metal-coated composite flakes: fiber flakes and metal coatings are used as the main raw materials, and they are made by composite processing, commonly known as space cotton, aerospace cotton, metal cotton, etc.

④ Wool-type composite thermal insulation material: a multi-layer composite structural material with fiber flock as the main body and full warmth as the main purpose.

⑤Far infrared cotton composite wadding: This is a newly developed multifunctional high-tech product, which has antibacterial and deodorant effects and certain health care functions.

Four, wire and belt materials

1. Thread material

Mainly refers to thread materials such as sewing thread and various thread cord and belt materials. The sewing thread plays the role of sewing clothes pieces and connecting various parts in the clothing, and can also play a certain decorative and beautifying role. Whether it is an open thread or a dark thread, it is an integral part of the overall style of clothing. The most commonly used sewing threads are 60s/3 and 40s/2 polyester threads, and the most commonly used embroidery threads are rayon and real silk threads.

Craft decoration thread is also an important part of thread materials. Craft decorative threads can be roughly divided into three categories: embroidery threads, braided threads and inlaid threads. Commonly used in clothing, bedding, furniture fabrics, interior goods, restaurant supplies, etc.

In addition, there is a kind of craft decoration thread, which is made for some special needs, called special thread. It has unique performance, relatively small use range, relatively high production cost, and is usually named after its purpose.

2. Belt material

It is mainly composed of decorative belts, practical belts, industrial belts and protective belts. Decorative belts can be divided into: elastic belts, ribbed belts, hat wall belts, rayon ribbons, ribbons, piping belts and placket belts, etc.; practical belts include nylon buckle belts, trouser belts, backpack belts, and water bottles. Belts and other components; industrial belts are composed of fire-fighting belts, power belts and automobile sealing belts; body-protection belts mainly refer to hair bands, shoulder guards, waist guards, etc.

Attention should be paid when choosing clothing thread:

1. The color and luster should be consistent with the fabric. Except for the decorative thread, similar colors should be used as much as possible, and they should be dark rather than light.

2. The shrinkage rate of the stitches should be the same as that of the fabric, so that the stitches of the sewing material will not be wrinkled due to excessive shrinkage after washing. For high elasticity and knitted fabrics, elastic threads should be used.

3. The thickness of the sewing thread should be suitable for the thickness and style of the fabric.

4. The material of the suture should be close to the characteristics of the fabric material, and the color fastness, elasticity, and heat resistance of the thread should be suitable for the fabric, especially for garment dyeing products. The sewing thread must have the same composition as the fabric fiber (except for special requirements).

Five, Fastening materials

Fastening materials mainly play the role of connection, combination and decoration in clothing. They include buttons, zippers, hooks, loops, and nylon snap fasteners.

The following principles should be followed when selecting tight-fitting materials:

1. The type of clothing should be considered. For example, the fastening materials of infant and children's clothing should be simple and safe, and nylon zippers or buckles should be generally used; men's clothing should be heavy and generous, while women's clothing should be decorative.

2. The design and style of clothing should be considered, and the tightly fastened materials should be popular to achieve the unity of decoration and function.

3. The purpose and function of clothing should be considered. For example, the fastening materials of raincoats and swimming suits should be waterproof and durable, and plastic products should be used. The fasteners of women's underwear should be small, thin, light and strong, and the zippers of the trousers placket and the back of the skirt must be self-locking.

4. The maintenance method of clothing should be considered, such as washing clothing should use less or no metal materials.

5. Consider clothing materials, such as heavy and fuzzy fabrics should use large fastening materials, and loose structure fabrics should not use hooks, loops and loops.

6. The location and opening form of the clothing should be considered. For example, buttons should not be used if the clothing is fastened without a door.

Six, decoration materials

There are many kinds of lace, and lace is also an indispensable part of decorative materials. It is an important decorative material for women's and children's wear, including woven lace and handmade lace.

Woven lace is divided into three categories: woven lace, embroidered lace and knitted lace; handmade lace includes cloth lace, yarn lace and woven lace.

Clothing lace attaches great importance to aesthetics, durability and washability. When choosing and applying lace, it is necessary to weigh the three characteristics of lace, decoration, wearability, and durability, and choose according to different needs.

Post time: Jun-25-2023